school bus parked on a city street

What can happen if you don’t stop for a school bus in California?

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By Yosi Yahoudai
Founder and Managing Partner

In California, as in many other states, the safety of school children is of paramount importance. This is reflected in traffic laws, especially those pertaining to school buses. One of the most stringent and well-recognized rules is the requirement for vehicles to stop when a school bus is picking up or dropping off students. The law is clear, yet every day, violations occur. The consequences of such actions can be dire, not only legally but morally and socially.

Understanding the Law

Under California Vehicle Code Section 22454(a), all drivers are required to stop when approaching a school bus that has its red lights flashing and stop sign arm extended. Drivers must remain stopped until the lights stop flashing and the arm has been retracted. This applies whether you’re approaching the school bus from the front or from behind. The only exception is when you’re on the opposite side of a divided or multi-lane highway.

The Immediate Legal Consequences

  • Fines: A first-time violation of the California school bus stop law can result in a fine ranging from $150 to $250. Repeat offenses within a three-year period will increase the fine, with a second offense ranging from $500 to $1,000. Subsequent offenses can result in even heftier fines.
  • Points on Driving Record: In addition to the fine, a violation will add a point to your driving record. Accumulating points can lead to increased insurance premiums and even suspension of your driver’s license if you accumulate too many in a short period.
  • Possible Criminal Charges: In extreme cases, particularly if a child is injured because a driver failed to stop for a school bus, the driver can face criminal charges such as reckless driving or even vehicular manslaughter.

The Social and Moral Consequences

  • Endangering Children: School buses are designed to be highly visible, with their distinct yellow color, flashing lights, and extended stop sign arms. When a driver neglects to stop for a school bus, they endanger the lives of children who might be crossing the street. The potential guilt and emotional trauma of causing harm or even death to a child can be life-altering.
  • Public Shaming: With the prevalence of dash cameras and smartphones, instances of drivers ignoring school bus laws can easily be recorded and shared on social media or news outlets. Being publicly identified as someone who endangered children can lead to significant social stigma, impacting personal and professional relationships.
  • Loss of Employment: Depending on one’s profession, especially if it involves driving or working with children, such an offense can lead to job loss.

Secondary Impacts and Consequences

  • Insurance Premium Increases: A violation will almost certainly lead to an increase in auto insurance premiums. Over time, this can add up to a significant financial burden.
  • Traffic School: To avoid accumulating points on one’s driving record, attending traffic school might become necessary. This not only costs money but also takes time and effort.

The Broader Perspective

From a broader societal perspective, every instance where a driver fails to stop for a school bus erodes the communal trust and safety we expect on our roads. Schools and parents teach children to trust the safety measures in place, including the school bus stop laws. When these are violated, it introduces fear and uncertainty into what should be a routine and safe activity for children.


Stopping for a school bus in California is not just a legal obligation – it’s a moral one. The few seconds saved by not stopping can lead to lifelong consequences, both for the driver and for the innocent children who rely on these laws for their safety. Being vigilant, patient, and respectful of these laws is not just about avoiding fines or legal repercussions; it’s about ensuring the safety and well-being of our community’s youngest members.

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About the Author
Yosi Yahoudai is a founder and the managing partner of J&Y. His practice is comprised primarily of cases involving automobile and motorcycle accidents, but he also represents people in premises liability lawsuits, including suits alleging dangerous conditions of public property, third-party criminal conduct, and intentional torts. He also has expertise in cases involving product defects, dog bites, elder abuse, and sexual assault. He earned his Bachelor of Arts from the University of California and is admitted to practice in all California State Courts, and the United States District Court for the Southern District of California. If you have any questions about this article, you can contact Yosi by clicking here.